Occupied Building Risk Assessment
The location of temporary and permanently occupied buildings at petrochemical, chemical and oil & gas facilities is important because accidents in these industries have the potential to cause significant damage.
If occupied buildings are exposed to such incidents, significant numbers of people may be present, resulting in a large number of serious or fatal injuries. Fortunately, these accidents are rare, however when they do occur, the outcome can be tragic.
Case Study: BP Texas City Refinery Explosion, 23 March 2005
A series of explosions occurred at the BP Texas City refinery as a result of large flammable liquid release during the restarting of a process unit . Fifteen workers were killed and 180 others were injured. Many of the victims were located in or around temporary on-site buildings.
R4Risk can provide guidance on the location and design of temporary and permanently occupied buildings on these sites, where hazardous materials may present a fire, explosion or toxic hazard to building occupants.
R4Risk utilises risk-based approaches documented in various industry sources and publications including US American Petroleum Institute (API), UK Chemical Industries Association and the Center for Chemical and Process Safety (CCPS).
Our methodology for conducting occupied buildings risk assessment includes the following steps:
- Hazard Identification
- Consequence Assessment
- Frequency Assessment
- Risk Assessment
- Identification of Risk Reduction Measures
For more on our approach and methodology, please view our brochure here.